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edzyx 993146 1 Older farming pictures. From Latvia. either
Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
Advert in "The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", 1997. A company offers to change GAZ-53A original engine to a more economical IVECO AIFO engine.
(Engines are the weak poing in many soviet machines, GAZ is still quite acceptable, Zil MMZ consumes 45 liters per 100 km of gasoline with its original V8...)
Some characteristics: The new ones are diesel whereas old engine are fed with gasoline, 13 litres of diesel per 100 km instead of 29 litres of gasoline per 100 km. 104 HP instead of 100. The main feature of course is the fuel effieciency which is really outstanding:).
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
"The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", 1997. Agricultural exhibition. At the MTZ tractors. From right: MTZ 952, MTZ 1025, MTZ 572.
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
Wow :)

More great photos / clippings, thanks for adding them :)
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
TasCowboy wrote:
Wow :)

More great photos / clippings, thanks for adding them :)


Thanks, Tas :)
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
Very intresting tread!

I know that Latvia was free from Soviet 1991 but in some pictures from late 80's we can see equipment from western Europe. When did you first come in contact with equipment from west?

//Lennart
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
Edzyx wrote:
(Engines are the weak poing in many soviet machines, GAZ is still quite acceptable, Zil MMZ consumes 45 liters per 100 km of gasoline with its original V8...)

American vehicles werent much different, most small farm graintrucks were gas powered untilll 10 years ago... My cousin in Canada scrapped his 5 ton gas powered V8 International only recently, and instead, cut the front end off a 3 axle dumptruck to make it a tandem dumptrailer behind his tractor...
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
Lennart wrote:
Very intresting tread!

I know that Latvia was free from Soviet 1991 but in some pictures from late 80's we can see equipment from western Europe. When did you first come in contact with equipment from west?

//Lennart


We had some Fortschritt equipment imported since 70's, I think (if I can call this western equipment, it was from the Eastern Germany), but the real deal began after the breakup of USSR. I don't think there was something before, everyone used soviet machines. Weird about that exhibition, but the ones seen there were not popular at all, maybe just someone bought them.1992 and 1993 the first dealers started to sell Valtra, John Deere and Claas equipment. One of the very first can be found here: http://www.kalnakrogs.lv, they started in 1992. So, yeah, western equipment was expensive, cool and efficient for that time:). In my region first western machines were also Valtra tractors, Claas round balers (the most popular) and some used equipment. Something around 1994-1996 when first round bale silage teams established, they used Claas balers + MTZ's, and Kverneland wrappers + MTZ's as well. McHale wrappers appeared in 1996, I guess. Personally, I saw McHale 911 B for first time in reality in 2001 when another team was working around our area (the previous passed the job away due to some problems), and it was like "wow":D. Grass was mowed with Fortschritt mowers. Hay was made the old way, using heritage from the USSR, some baled with Claas, but Claas made too dense bales which got hot fast and caused other problems. Harvesting was done with Niva's and Jenisei's, ploughing and seeding with soviet machines as well. Hmm, those who had money sold the old equipment and bought new, in 1997 first support became available from Europe, 2002 Sapard programme worked till 2006 and many farmers used the avalable support to buy machines and having to give back only 40 to 60% of money. What else, some people from western countries had money and didn't even work with soviet equipment at all, buying used or new western equipment (one lives not far from me, he inherited the property and moved from UK to Latvia and no old equipment was there:D, it was in 1996 maybe).
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
"The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", March 1998. View at one dairy farm. MTZ 80 + 2-PTS-4-785M (modified to tandem instead of dolly), VW Golf II, JuMZ 6 AKL loader (called EO-2621V).
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
"The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", December 1997. New cow shed built recently. Actually, I know this farmer personally, he has around 100 cows and wants to build a bigger cow shed now. In this photo: Dobilas-3 rake, T-25A.
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
"The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", September 1998. Article with a title:"Plough is not a computer" in a meaning that it's not impossible to set it up, just have to take the time. Some tips and tricks from mechanisation experts. MTZ 82 + PLN-3-35 plough.
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
"The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", September 1998. Article about liquid manure and its storage. MTZ 52 + MŽT-10 slurry tanker, which has been upgraded with those yellow pipes, they're not standard.
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
"The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", March 1996. Picture surely from 1995. I posted this not because of this pig:D (it's a Hempshire breed boar, if you want ot know that), but because of the equipment in the background. From left: SK-5M "Niva", something with blue cab (or just the cab), Fortschritt E-302, DT-75.
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
"The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", February 1999, photo from summer 1998. 2x GAZ-53A milk transporters.
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
"The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", 1999. Fortschritt advert on the back cover of this magazine. Fortschritt E-521. Title says: "Fortschritt combines return in a new quality". To be honest, I haven't seen any of these red ones in Latvia. Just some older E-517, newer MDW 525 and others like that. Some charecteristics: Max. power- 110kW/150HP, Top speed- 20 km/h, grain thank capacity- 5000 litres, 3 available headers- 3,6m, 4,2m, 4,8m.
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
"The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", January 1998. Photo from 1997. Article about 3 different types of silage- round-baled, pit, heap. T-40AM + "Sprīdītis-2" Latvian made chopper + PSE-F-12,5B trailer.
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
"The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", July 1998. Another article about silage. MTZ 80 + Orkel GP 1202 (thought to be an alternative to Claas Rollant 46, but only very few bought them, I haven't seen any).
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
"The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", July 1998. Another article about silage. Compacting pit silage with MTZ 82.
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
"The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", July 1998. Demonstration on the field. Case + Kverneland chopper, T-150K + PIM-40 trailer. At the end of this article is a phrase "grass has to be mowed when it is as long as a beer bottle":D, could be true, but my grass is usually at least 3 times that lenght when cut:).
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
"The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", June 1998. Article about corn and how to grow it in our climate. Well, apparently, corn can't get ripe enough in Latvia to be harvested for grain, because it's a little bit too cold and little bit lack of sun, but it can be used for silage. Upper photo: corn at some farmer's field in 1997 (at least I think it's big), Fortschritt E-281C + corn header, T-150K + some kind of trailer. Bottom photo: MTZ 80 + Kinze 2000 seeder (said to be a precious machine).
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
"The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", July 1998. The same MTZ 80 and Orkel GP 1202 you can see in one of the previous pictures.
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
"The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", June 1996. Article about silage. MTZ 80 + Claas Rollant 46. This equipment belongs to team which was first to make round bale silage in my area. According to information in other "The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer" magazine, they were also first to buy Claas Rollant baler in Latvia, in 1994. They were at my farm in 1996 for the first time, and we were between one of the first to make the round bale silage in my village as well. So, in that year we had 50 bales (this baler was without chopper, which meant they were much lighter and not as dense as today's bales (smaller too, 1,2mx1,2m), so they resulted in about 500 kilos. (for a comparison, our today's bales made with Krone Vario Pack 1500MC are 1,2x1,4m and approx. 800-900 kilos.) But, for that time it was enough. Sometimes T-25 was struggling to pull them home in winter anyway:D. The whole team consisted of: Fortschritt E-301 mower, MTZ 80 + Claas Rollant 46 seen in this photo, MTZ 80 + KUN-0,8 frontloader, MTZ 80 + Kverneland wrapper. Fortschritt left badly cut stubbles or uneven swaths often (and sickle header got jammed with thick clover at times), bales got about 2 or 3 layers of film instead of 4 (you will find out why in the next photo), and other problems was nothing unusual. There was a photo with them making silage at my farm from 1996, but I have no idea where it is now, haven't seen it for many years :/. So, if I can't show you it, I can tell from my memories:). Premium quality clover + timothy was made into bales in 1998, some 50 bales too. MTZ 80 used for loading bales onto wrapper had technical problems and all equipment was left standing in our field in 1998 for few days. That tractor was painted green, fitted with wide tires in the back and was re-painted blue for 1999 season (in that year and 2000 it was pulling 2-PTS-4-785M trailer from farm to farm in case you wanted your bales transported somewhere from the field), the frontloader was standard KUN-0,8 but the forks were 3-point and each of them could move individually (could adjust to many bale sizes). Fortschritt E-301 was blue and didn't look too fresh, and rest you can see here. 2000 was the last time with them, we baled the 4ha random grass field + some other + they baled some barley straw and hay, but those bales were too dense and got hot quickly. In 2001 they bought a long-awaited Valtra tractor for loading, I saw it when they wrapped for another farmer. In 1998 they made 70 bales from 4,5ha neighbour's field, many were hauled away with Ural truck (and another forest beast) because neighbours didn't need that much. Back then one bale cost about 7 euros, now they cost 17 euros due to growing prices of diesel, film and other stuff. And then they were binded with twine instead of net.

Yeah, in 2001 we were looking for other team who could do the job, because this had some problems, I can't remember what kind. And found one with Fortschritt E-302, MTZ 80 + Claas Rollant 46 Roto Cut, MTZ 82 + McHale 991 B. This Fortschritt was green and looked good, MTZ pulling the baler had front linkage (not a popular option for MTZ's) and McHale wrapper tipped on side just like Kverneland, but we tipped them on ends with a rope, because it was "cool" :D. Ok, kidding, it was just easier in winter when one operation was already done. In 2001 grass resulted in about 11 bales (~0,35ha), 2002 and 2003- 22 bales from ~0,6ha. An interesting fact is that this team chopped silage in centre of bale, but outer side was left unchopped, so that they could still apply twine, not the more expensive net. If I can remember properly, they bought a Renault tractor in 2003 for pulling the baler.

In 2004 they appeared to be too busy to come to our village, so our neighbour managed to get another team to make silage. And, of course, we asked them to work on our fields too. In that year they had: Valtra T-160 + Kuhn FC 352 G, Valtra 8450 + Krone Vario Pack 1500 MC, MTZ 952 + McHale 911 B. The same for 2005, but in 2006 McCormick MC 115 replaced the MTZ (even it still is working on their farm). In 2007 McCormick had problems with frame (I guess they managed to break it a little in forest :D), so dealer lent them McCormick CX 105 Extra Shift for a while. John Deere 6930 Premium replaced the old Valtra 8450. Since 2008 they work with the same equipment as today (see videos in my YT channel). But I'm telling you- it's seen and suffered a lot and get's old. Bale quality drops down too, some have lots of mould inside :(. It's quite typical in Latvia that farmers who bought silage making equipment made tours through villages and made silage, but now many have their own machines, so it's getting less popular.

What will be for 2012? We'll see :).
Well, that's a bit about silage making history at our farm from 90's till today:).
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
"The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", June 1996. The same team, MTZ 80 + Kverneland Silawrap wrapper. Now, why it was hard to except enough film to be applied to the bales? This wrapper had no counter, which means the operator had to count revolutions by himself:D. By doing this all day long, you could feel dizzy and forget how many time bale has to turn around...

And another thing, they used 500mm film back then, since 2001 only 750mm film has been used for our silage bales.
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
"The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", January 1999. John Deere advert. 6010 series tractors. "Safety is our power!", that's what the bottom text says.
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
"The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", 1999. Massey Ferguson advert. 4245 in this photo. Title says: "The real tractor- for a real job". Some specifications in the bottom left corner (engine, HP, lifting capacity).
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Re: Older farming pictures. From Latvia.
"The Latvia's cattle-breeder and dairy producer", August 1996. Equipment demonstration on field, different machines.
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